Moving to Thailand: Complete guide for 2024

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Are you considering leaving everything behind to move to Thailand? 

More and more people are choosing to relocate to this multifaceted country. This article will guide you through the essential steps, the pros and cons of living in Thailand.

Understanding this process is crucial for a successful expatriation. 

Let’s dive into this comprehensive guide to discover why so many French people are attracted to this exotic destination and how you can also make this dream come true.

  • The advantages and disadvantages of living in Thailand.
  • Best practices for preparing your move.

Advantages and disadvantages of living in Thailand

Living in Thailand offers numerous benefits, such as a pleasant climate, affordable cost of living, and a high quality of life. 

However, there are also disadvantages like language barriers and being far from family. Let’s explore these aspects in detail:

Advantages of living in Thailand

Living in Thailand presents considerable advantages, from the pleasant climate to a welcoming expatriate community, an affordable cost of living, and a rich culture.

Climate in Thailand

Thailand enjoys a pleasant tropical climate all year round, with warm and sunny temperatures. 

The climate is one of the main reasons I stayed here

says Marc, an expatriate for six years.

Cost of living in Thailand

The cost of living in Thailand is significantly lower than in many Western countries. From food to housing, everything is more affordable. 

A Numbeo study reveals that the cost of living in Thailand is on average 50% cheaper than in France.

Thai culture

The local culture is rich and diverse, offering a unique and immersive experience. The cuisine, festivals, and local traditions enrich the daily life of expatriates. 

Thai culture is a treasure to discover every day

affirms Sophie, a resident of Bangkok.

Expatriate community

Thailand hosts a dynamic and welcoming expatriate community, making integration and networking easier. Local forums and groups offer support and advice. 

The expat community here is fantastic; you feel at home right away

shares Laurent, an expatriate for three years.

Food in Thailand

Thai cuisine is renowned worldwide for its bold flavors and fresh ingredients. From affordable street food to fine dining restaurants, the culinary variety is immense. 

Safety in Thailand

Thailand is considered a relatively safe country for expatriates. Crime rates are low, and expatriates generally feel safe in big cities like Bangkok and Chiang Mai. 

According to an Expat Insider report, Thailand is ranked among the safest destinations for expatriates.

Reports like those from InterNations regularly place Thailand among the best destinations for expatriates, highlighting overall satisfaction in terms of quality of life.

Disadvantages of living in Thailand

However, it is crucial to consider some disadvantages such as language barriers, cultural differences, administrative procedures, and traffic.

Language barrier

One of the main challenges for expatriates in Thailand is the language barrier. Thai is a tonal and complex language, making communication difficult. 

I found the language really difficult to learn, but taking Thai classes helped me a lot.

shares Paul, an expatriate for two years.

Cultural differences

Cultural differences can be confusing and sometimes frustrating for newcomers. Thai customs and traditions are very different from those in Western countries. 

Administrative aspects

Navigating administrative aspects, such as obtaining a visa and managing local formalities, can be complex and time-consuming. 

Rules and procedures can change frequently. 

Administrative procedures can be a real headache, especially at first.

remarks Julien, an expatriate for three years. 

He recommends consulting experts or specialized agencies to facilitate the process.


Traffic in Thailand, especially in Bangkok, can be chaotic and stressful. Traffic jams are common, and driving may seem dangerous for those not used to it. 

Traffic in Bangkok is a real challenge. I opted for public transport and a scooter to get around.

says Sarah, who has been living in Bangkok for five years.

These challenges may seem daunting, but many expatriates find ways to overcome them through local resources and the expatriate community.

Living in Thailand: Visa and administrative procedures

Understanding the different types of visas available and the necessary requirements is essential to ensure a smooth transition to your new life in Thailand.

Types of available visas

Learn about the types of visas available for retirees wishing to settle in Thailand.

Tourist visa

The tourist visa is intended for short stays, typically 30 to 60 days, with the possibility of extension. It is suitable for first-time explorers wishing to discover the country before making a long-term commitment.

Non-Immigrant B (Business) visa

The non-immigrant B visa is for those coming to Thailand for business or work. It requires a job offer or a sponsoring company.

Obtaining this visa was quite smooth with my employer's help,.

explains Pierre, who has been working in Bangkok for two years.

Non-Immigrant O (Retirement) visa

The non-immigrant O visa is popular among retirees over 50 years old. It requires a substantial bank deposit or a minimum monthly income.

According to the Thai Embassy, this visa can be extended annually.

Education visa

For those wishing to study Thai or any other subject, the Education Visa is a viable option. Language schools and universities can often assist in facilitating the application process. 

Required conditions

Conditions vary by visa type, but generally, the following documents are required:

  • Valid passport (at least 6 months remaining validity)
  • Completed visa application form
  • Recent passport-sized photos
  • Proof of sufficient funds
  • Invitation or sponsorship letter for work and business visas
  • Medical certificate and police clearance for some visa types

Steps to follow

  1. Preparation of documents : Ensure all required documents are in order.
  2. Application Submission : Applications can be submitted at the Thai embassy or consulate in your home country. Some visa types can also be applied for online.
  3. Payment of Visa Fees : Fees vary based on the type of visa and the duration of stay.
  4. Waiting and Follow-Up : Processing can take from a few days to a few weeks. It's advisable to follow up on your application and stay in contact with the embassy or consulate for updates.

Cost of living in Thailand

Living in Thailand is frequently seen as an affordable option for expatriates, thanks to a generally lower cost of living compared to Western countries. 

Whether for housing, food, transportation, or entertainment, Thailand offers a variety of options to suit different budgets. Here's an overview of the main costs to anticipate:


Housing costs in Thailand vary significantly depending on the city and type of accommodation chosen. 

In Bangkok, for example, rents can be higher compared to other cities like Chiang Mai or Pattaya.

City1-Bedroom Apartment (City Center)1-Bedroom Apartment (Outside Center)
Bangkok15,000 – 30,000 THB8,000 – 15,000 THB
Chiang Mai10,000 – 20,000 THB5,000 – 10,000 THB
Pattaya12,000 – 25,000 THB6,000 – 12,000 THB

I pay about 18,000 THB for a modern apartment in the heart of Bangkok. In Chiang Mai, for similar housing, the cost is almost half.

says Laura, an expatriate living in the capital for two years. 

Thai food

Food in Thailand is not only delicious but also very affordable. 

Whether dining in local restaurants or buying fresh produce at the market, there are plenty of options.

Type of MealApproximate Cost
Meal at a cheap restaurant50 – 100 THB
Meal for two at a mid-range restaurant500 – 1,000 THB
Monthly groceries for one person5,000 – 8,000 THB

Street food is both economical and tasty. I rarely spend more than 60 THB on a meal

shares Nicolas, our client currently living in Chiang Mai.


Public transport in Thailand is also very affordable, with many options available, from local buses to taxis and motorbike taxis.

Type of TransportApproximate Cost
Bus or BTS ticket (Bangkok)15 – 60 THB
Taxi fare (per km)5 – 10 THB
Monthly BTS/MRT pass (Bangkok)1,200 – 1,500 THB

I primarily use the BTS to get around Bangkok. With a monthly pass, it's very convenient and affordable.

says Claire, an expatriate in Bangkok.


Entertainment costs in Thailand are also reasonable, offering a variety of accessible activities.

Type of LeisureApproximate Cost
Gym membership1,000 - 2,500 THB per month
Movie ticket150 – 250 THB
Nightclub outing500 – 1,500 THB

In summary, the cost of living in Thailand allows for a comfortable lifestyle while fully enjoying the cultural richness and many activities the country has to offer.

What Is the Minimum Wage in Thailand?

The minimum wage in Thailand, also known as the minimum daily wage, varies by region. 

In 2024, the minimum daily wage is set between 328 and 354 THB, depending on the province. 

For example, Bangkok and major industrial provinces have higher rates, while rural areas have lower rates.

Minimum wage by region

RegionDaily Minimum Wage
Bangkok354 THB
Chiang Mai340 THB
Pattaya346 THB
Régions rurales328 THB

Compared to the cost of living, the minimum wage in Thailand is relatively low. 

This means that while the cost of living is affordable for expatriates with foreign incomes or pensions, it can be challenging for local workers to meet their needs on a minimum wage.

Economic experts note that despite a gradual increase in the minimum wage over the years, it remains insufficient to cover all essential expenses, especially in major cities where the cost of living is higher. 

Comparison with the Cost of Living

To better understand the impact of the minimum wage on daily life, here's a comparison between monthly income based on the minimum wage and common expenses:

Expense CategoryApproximate Monthly Cost (Bangkok)
Housing (Studio)8,000 – 15,000 THB
Thai food5,000 – 8,000 THB
Transport1,200 – 1,500 THB
Others3,000 – 5,000 THB

With a minimum wage of about 10,000 to 10,500 THB per month (for 22 working days), it is clear that low-wage workers often have to share accommodations or take on additional jobs to make ends meet.

In conclusion, while Thailand is an attractive destination for expatriates due to its relatively low cost of living, the minimum wage for local workers presents significant challenges. 

Where do most French expats live in Thailand?

According to data from the French Embassy in Thailand, approximately 25,000 French people reside in Thailand. 

Bangkok hosts the largest community, followed by the regions of Phuket and Chiang Mai. Social networks and associations like Français du Monde help expatriates stay connected and support each other.

Living in Bangkok

Bangkok, the Thai capital, is one of the most popular destinations for French expatriates. The city offers modern infrastructure, numerous job opportunities, and a rich cultural life.

I chose Bangkok for its dynamism and many professional opportunities.

confides Julien, who works in digital marketing.

Living in Chiang Mai

Chiang Mai, located in northern Thailand, attracts many French people seeking a higher quality of life and a more relaxed pace. The city is also known for its artistic scene and natural spaces. 

Chiang Mai is perfect for those looking for a balance between work and personal life.

explains Marie, who has lived there for four years and runs a small tourism business.

Living in Phuket

Phuket, famous for its paradise beaches, is another popular destination among French expatriates. There are many opportunities in the tourism and hospitality sectors. 

Living in Phuket is like being on vacation all year round.

shares Thomas, the owner of a French restaurant on the island.

Living in Pattaya

Pattaya, known for its vibrant nightlife and beaches, also hosts a significant French community. 

Although the city has a notorious reputation, it also offers quiet residential neighborhoods and modern services. 

Pattaya offers a good balance between entertainment and tranquility.

notes Isabelle, who has been an expatriate for five years.

Living in Hua Hin

Hua Hin, a seaside resort about three hours from Bangkok, is prized for its peaceful atmosphere and beaches. 

French people living in Thailand are dispersed in various regions, each offering a unique living environment and specific advantages. 

Whether for work, retirement, or adventure, Thailand continues to attract many French people.

How to move to Thailand

Moving to Thailand requires several steps: finding accommodation, opening a bank account, and registering for local social security. Let's explore these steps in detail.

Steps to moving to Thailand

  • Preparation: Preparation is essential for a successful move. Start by making a list of everything you need to bring and sorting your belongings accordingly. 
  • Transport of Goods : Choosing a reliable international moving company is crucial. 
    Worldgistic offers comprehensive transport services, including packing, customs clearance, and delivery. 

Worldgistic's moving service simplified the entire process for me.

shares Anne, an expatriate in Bangkok.
  • Installation: Once you arrive in Thailand, the first step is to settle into your new accommodation. Make sure to check the condition of the apartment or house and get familiar with the neighborhood.

Prepare for relocating to Thailand

If you are considering moving to Thailand, it is essential to start by getting a free quote to assess the costs and plan your budget. 

Worldgistic offers a special Moving to Thailandmoving service to Thailand. Positive reviews from other expatriates confirm the efficiency and reliability of our services. Feel free to contact Worldgistic to get your free quote and benefit from personalized advice for your move to Thailand.


Worldgistic is the number one international freight forwarder in Southeast Asia and Europe. With over 15 years of experience and a team of qualified experts, choose Worldgistic!

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